News Release

Baby Bottles Leach Toxic Chemical

According to New U.S. and Canadian Study
For Immediate Release

Dozens of state and national environmental health organizations in the U.S. and Canada are calling for an immediate moratorium on the use of bisphenol A (BPA) in baby bottles and other food and beverage containers, based on the results of a new study that demonstrates the toxic chemical BPA leaches from popular plastic baby bottles when heated. 

BPA, a synthetic sex hormone that mimics estrogen, is used to make hard polycarbonate plastic. Ninety-five percent of all baby bottles on the market are made with BPA. The results of the U.S. study show that, when new bottles are heated, those manufactured by Avent, Evenflo, Dr. Brown’s and Disney/First Years leached between 4.7 – 8.3 parts per billion of BPA. Recent research on animals shows that BPA can be harmful by disrupting development at doses below these levels. The bottles were purchased at retailers across the country in nine states: Babies”R”Us, CVS, Target, Toys”R”Us, Walgreens, and Wal-Mart.

Results of the study, “Baby's Toxic Bottle: Bisphenol A Leaching from Popular Baby Bottles,” contribute to a growing body of evidence that calls for immediate protective action to reduce public exposure to BPA, especially for infants and children.  Last month, Michigan Representatives John Dingell and Bart Stupak launched a Congressional investigation to ascertain the safety of BPA used to line the cans of infant formula products. The study was commissioned by Environmental Defence of Canada in cooperation with The Work Group for Safe Markets in the U.S., and researched by the laboratory of Frederick vom Saal, PhD., at the University of Missouri. Multiple states are advancing legislation that would prohibit the use of BPA in child care articles.  The Maryland General Assembly is stepping up to protect its children by considering a law to phase BPA out of children’s products by 2010, but until that goal is reached the facts call for consumer caution.

“The only appropriate response to evidence that a known toxic chemical leaches from baby products is to phase it out and replace it with safer products,” said Mike Schade, a report co-author with the Center for Health, Environment and Justice. “Environmental health organizations from across the U.S. are calling for an immediate moratorium on the use of BPA in baby bottles and other food and beverage containers.”

Studies conducted on laboratory animals and cell cultures have linked low doses of BPA to obesity, diabetes, thyroid disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer and other illnesses. BPA exposure is widespread and has been found in 95% of Americans tested. Scientists, physicians, and public health professionals suspect that existing scientific evidence on BPA indicates a real risk to human health.

In addition to baby bottles, BPA is used to make hard plastic used in some toddler sippy cups, polycarbonate water bottles such as some Nalgene bottles, dental sealants, and the linings of many food and beverage cans, including all infant formulas. There are no existing safety standards regulating BPA under U.S. laws, even for products used by infants and young children. Nine states have introduced legislation that would restrict the use of BPA in children’s products, including baby bottles. (See For young mother Stephanie Felten, the new study confirms her fears that chemical contaminants are pervasive, and that until companies, legislators and regulators take action to protect the public, consumers must protect themselves.  “Parents shouldn’t have to be chemists to know what is safe to buy for our children. As a parent and consumer, I was shocked to learn that baby bottle manufacturers use contaminants like bisphenol-A, with full knowledge of animal studies that show adverse effects,” said Felten, Group Leader for MOMS Illinois, a local chapter of Making Our Milk Safe (MOMS). Felten recently participated in a biomonitoring study that found BPA in her body. (See for more details.) 

Parents can take action immediately to protect their children’s health by choosing safer products, including plastic baby bottles made without BPA or glass baby bottles. (See for more tips.)

Visitors to the “Baby’s Toxic Bottle” website can sign a petition to baby bottle manufacturers, urging them to phase out BPA in baby bottles at

The full study, “Baby's Toxic Bottle: Bisphenol A Leaching from Popular Baby Bottles,” is available to download for free on the website 

The U.S. version of “Baby’s Toxic Bottle” was written and released by the Work Group for Safe Markets and Environment Defence (Canada), and released in the U.S. by a broad coalition of public health and environmental non-governmental organizations including: Alliance for a Clean and Healthy Maine, Alliance for a Healthy Tomorrow, Boston Common Asset Management, Breast Cancer Fund, Center for Health, Environment and Justice, Clean New York, Clean Water Action, Environment America, Environmental Health Fund, Healthy Legacy, Learning Disabilities Association of America, MOMS (Making Our Milk Safe), Oregon Environmental Council, Sierra Club, and US PIRG.

Defend the CFPB

Tell your senators to oppose the “Financial CHOICE Act,” which would gut Wall Street reforms and destroy the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau as we know it.

Support us

Your donation supports Maryland PIRG's work to stand up for consumers on the issues that matter, especially when powerful interests are blocking progress.

Consumer Alerts

Join our network and stay up to date on our campaigns, get important consumer updates, and take action on critical issues.
Optional Member Code